وراء الانفجار الداخلي في غزة
أند جارديان - 29/6/2007
ما الذي يحدث عندما يتم سجن
مليون ونصف إنسان في منطقة
صغيرة وقاحلة جداً, و يتم قطع
اتصالهم مع أقربائهم ومع العالم
الخارجي و تجويعهم باستخدام
الحصار الاقتصادي بحيث لا
يستطيعون تامين لقمة العيش
the implosion in Gaza
happens when one and a half million human beings are
imprisoned in a tiny, arid territory, cut off from their
compatriots and from any contact with the outside world,
starved by an economic blockade and unable to feed their
months ago, I described this situation as a sociological
experiment set up by Israel, the United States and the
European Union -- the population of the Gaza Strip as
week, the experiment showed results. They proved that
human beings react exactly like other animals: when too
many of them are crowded into a small area in miserable
conditions, they become aggressive, and even murderous.
organisers of the experiment in Jerusalem, Washington,
Berlin, Oslo, Ottawa and other capitals could rub their
hands in satisfaction. The subjects of the experiment
reacted as foreseen. Many of them even died in the
interests of science.
the experiment is not over. The scientists want to know
what happens if the blockade is tightened still further.
has caused the present explosion in the Gaza Strip?
timing of Hamas’s decision to take over the Strip by
force was not accidental. Hamas had many good reasons to
avoid it. The organisation is unable to feed the
population. It has no interest in provoking the Egyptian
regime, which is busy fighting the Muslim Brotherhood,
the mother-organisation of Hamas. And it has no interest
in providing Israel with a pretext for tightening the
the Hamas leaders decided that they had no alternative
but to destroy the armed organisations that are tied to
Fatah and take their orders from President Mahmoud
Abbas. The US has ordered Israel to supply these
organisations with large quantities of weapons to enable
them to fight Hamas. The Israeli army chiefs did not
like the idea, fearing that the arms might end up in the
hands of Hamas (as is actually happening now). But [the
Israeli] government obeyed American orders, as usual.
American aim is clear. President George W Bush has
chosen a local leader for every Muslim country, who will
rule it under American protection and follow American
orders. In Iraq, in Lebanon, in Afghanistan and also in
believes that the man marked for this job in Gaza is
[local Fatah leader] Mohammed Dahlan. For years it has
looked as though he was being groomed for this position.
The American and Israeli media have been singing his
praises, describing him as a strong, determined leader,
“moderate” (that is, obedient to American orders)
and “pragmatic” (obedient to Israeli orders). And
the more the Americans and Israelis lauded Dahlan, the
more they undermined his standing among the Palestinians.
the eyes of Hamas, the attack on the Fatah strongholds
in the Gaza Strip is a preventive war. The organisations
of Abbas and Dahlan melted like snow in the Palestinian
could the American and Israeli generals miscalculate so
badly? They are able to think only in military terms: so
many soldiers, so many machine guns. But, in interior
struggles in particular, quantitative calculations are
secondary. The morale of the fighters and public
sentiment are far more important. The members of the
Fatah organisations do not know what they are fighting
for. The Gaza population supports Hamas because they
believe that it is fighting the Israeli occupier. Their
opponents look like collaborators of the occupation.
is not a matter of Islamic fundamentalism. In this
respect, all nations are the same: they hate
collaborators of a foreign occupier, whether they are
Norwegian (Quisling), French (Petain) or Palestinian.
Washington and Jerusalem, politicians are bemoaning the
“weakness” of Abbas.
see now that the only person who could prevent anarchy
in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank would be Yasser
Arafat. He had a natural authority. The masses adored
him. Even his adversaries, like Hamas, respected him. He
created several security apparatuses that competed with
each other, in order to prevent any single apparatus
from carrying out a coup d’etat. Arafat was able to
negotiate, sign a peace agreement and get his people to
Arafat was pilloried by Israel as a monster, imprisoned
and, in the end, murdered.
Palestinian public elected Abbas as his successor,
hoping that he would get from the Americans and the
Israelis what they had refused to give to Arafat.
the leaders in Washington and Jerusalem had indeed been
interested in peace, they would have hastened to sign a
peace agreement with Abbas, who had declared that he was
ready to accept the same far-reaching compromise as
Arafat. The Americans and the Israelis heaped on him all
conceivable praise and rebuffed him on every concrete
did not allow Abbas even the slightest and most
miserable achievement. Ariel Sharon plucked his feathers
and then sneered at him for being “a featherless
chicken”. After the Palestinian public had patiently
waited in vain for Bush to move, it voted for Hamas, in
the desperate hope of achieving by violence what Abbas
has been unable to achieve by diplomacy.
Israeli leaders were overjoyed. They were interested in
undermining Abbas, because he enjoyed Bush’s
confidence and because his stated position made it
harder to justify their refusal to enter substantive
negotiations. They did everything to demolish Fatah. To
ensure this, they arrested Marwan Barghouti, the only
person capable of keeping Fatah together.
victory of Hamas suited their aims completely. With
Hamas, one does not have to talk, to offer withdrawal
from the occupied terri-tories and the dismantling of
settlements. Hamas is that contemporary monster, a
“terrorist” organisation, and with terrorists there
is nothing to discuss.
Avnery is an Israeli journalist, former member of the Knesset and founder of Gush Shalom (The Peace Bloc). This article first appeared on his website
لهذه المقالات لا يعني أنها
تعبر عن وجهة نظر المركز كلياً
من حق الزائر الكريم أن ينقل وأن ينشر كل ما يعجبه من موقعنا . معزواً إلينا ، أو غير معزو .ـ