عناوين الصحف البريطانية
1) Four factors pushing Turkey and Syria
عوامل تدفع للحرب بين سوريا
want a war, but both sides don't want to appear to back
down and there are four
factors pushing them towards a conflict, according to
the Atlantic's Robert Wright.
Here's a summary of his four points
could decide that war is preferable to the alternatives
of an influx of more refugees and Kurds using the
ongoing civil war to carve out an autonomous region in
A Turkish-Syrian war could draw the
into the conflict making such a move more attractive to
some influential backers of American intervention.
will continue attacking the Turkish border to stop the supply of weapons to
rebels. "The Syrian regime is fighting for its
life, and along the Turkish-Syrian border lies the
lifeline of its enemy" Wright says.
In a way
is already at war with the Syrian regime by supplying
weapons to rebels.
of 'air piracy'
تركيا بالقرصنة الجوية
Turkish daily Hurriyet says no weapons were found on the
grounded Syrian plane, but an inspection found that
communication equipment used for military purposes was
insists no military equipment was on board. RIA Novosti
said 17 Russians were among the 30 passenger on the
board the diverted
's transport minister has accused
of "air piracy" over the incident,
's al-Manar Television reported.
channel quoted minister Mahoumd Said as saying that
grounding the flight represented "air piracy which
contradicts civil aviation treaties", Reuters
not to draw in Nato
العراق تدعو تركيا الى
عدم استدعاء حلف الناتو للتدخل
prime minster, Nouri al-Maliki, has warned
not to draw Nato into the Syrian conflict.
on a visit to
is being presumptuous, you could say, as if it were
taking responsibility for solving the Syrian conflict
instead of the Syrian people and wants to impose its own
solution. For this reason the international community
needs to stop
supplies to Syrian rebels dry up amid rivalries and
نقص الامدادات والمساعدات
الى سوريا بسبب الإنقسمات
Syrian rebel carries a sand bag in the Saif al-Dawla
district during clashes with government forces in the
northern city of
. Photograph: Tauseef Mustafa/AFP/Getty Images
In the battle for northern Syria
the most important front is far from
. It is across the border in the southern Turkish town
. Here rebels, who now move around with increasing ease,
are engaged in daily bids for patronage with those who
keep the insurgency running.
Over the past year, and especially since May, when weapons
started to arrive, Bashar
al-Assad's enemies have met their benefactors in
's backstreets, coffee shops and hotel lobbies and made
a case as to why they should receive help.
The rivalries of Arab and Gulf politics, divisions between
the west and
, fear of
's bloody crisis spreading beyond the country's borders
to drag in
all make supplying arms to the rebels a sensitive and
Now, it seems, the supply is drying up. On
's frontlines, there is still no sign of the heavy
weapons for which the rebels have pleaded. Ammunition is
running low. "They are giving us enough to keep
this fight going, but not enough to win it,"
complained Abu Furat, a commander. "I'm sure that's
not going to change until after the American elections.
I'm not sure everyone can survive until then."
The men with the money and influence in
are envoys sent by the Sunni world's political elite or
business leaders. One name comes up more than any other
– a Lebanese MP named Okab Sakr.
"Every time Okab is in town the weapons start to move
across the border," said a rebel colonel from the
Jebel al-Zawiya region, who calls himself Abu Wael.
"The problem is he is very particular about where
those weapons go."
Sakr is a member of the Future movement of the Lebanese
opposition leader, Saad Hariri. According to colleagues
he has been given the role of gun runner-in-chief. Sakr
has become a polarising figure among
's fragmented opposition; those he supplies see him as a
saviour; those who miss out hold him responsible for the
faltering rebel cause.
Dissatisfaction with Sakr's role goes further. The US,
always jittery about backing the uprising, is opposed to
calls by Saudi
Arabia and Qatar
to supply rebel groups with equipment needed to combat
aircraft and tanks – an issue raised by Republican
presidential candidate Mitt Romney on Monday. Jordan
appear to share
's concerns. Confirmation
on Wednesday that the
had sent a military mission to
to help build a headquarters on the border with
and to improve
's military capabilities underlines worries about
"It's about indirect intervention," said Mustafa
Alani of the Saudi-financed Gulf Research Centre in
. "The money is there, arms can be supplied. But
the Jordanians and the Turks are hesitant.
is allowing some weapons in but there are a lot of
restrictions. People are waiting for a shift after the
Another growing problem is a lack of co-ordination between
and the Saudis – the likely subject of Wednesday's
between the Emir and the Saudi intelligence chief,
Prince Bandar. King Abdullah is said to be growing
impatient with the difficulties of the Syrian crisis.
According to Syrian opposition activists, the Saudis now
sponsor only rebel groups which are at odds with those
, which are often linked to the Muslim Brotherhood.
"The Qataris are much more proactive than the
Saudis," said one well-placed Arab source.
"The Saudis are not interested in democracy, they
just want to be rid of Bashar. They would be happy with
a Yemeni solution that gets rid of the president and
leaves the regime intact."
Intelligence chiefs from
reportedly met in
in early September along with the CIA director general,
David Petraeus. But they apparently failed to reach
agreement on a co-ordinated strategy.
US officials say the opaque nature of the opposition and
the creeping presence of foreign jihadis are behind
their pressure on
. "They have both been given a yellow light by the
Americans," said a Lebanese minister aligned to the
Future movement. "The Saudis see yellow as yellow,
but the Qataris have seen it as green. Their connections
with and supply to the opposition have continued,
perhaps escalated. The Americans are especially against
handing out anti-aircraft missiles. They will not accept
these things falling into the hands of jihadis. Imagine
having to do a Stinger buy-back programme like
all over again."
Now the Saudis are signalling that they are reaching the
limits of what they will do in the face of US
objections, concern about the resilience of the Assad
regime, fears that extremists will dominate the
opposition – as well as the risks of
"blowback" from jihadis returning home.
The initial armed support for the rebels resulted in two
substantial shipments of automatic weapons, ammunition
and rocket-propelled grenades, delivered in May and June
. Since then, large-scale gun-running has dried up.
"The Saudis were the most enthusiastic by far about
getting weapons to the rebels," said a former
Lebanese MP. "They were public about it and
committed. That was until July." By the middle of
that month, foreign jihadis started trickling into
looking to join the fray.
The rebel military council, a group of defected senior
officers, is opposed to the foreigners and wary of
's own Islamist groups, who have been organising and
arming in the rural areas between
worries too about its home front, where the Syrian issue
is kept alive by the likes of Sheikh Adnan Arour, a
rabidly sectarian Salafi televangelist. Official media
continue to bombard the public with images of atrocities
carried out by Alawites – Assad's ruling sect. But
non-establishment clerics who wanted to launch a
fundraising drive to aid
were ordered to hold off. An official campaign raised
more than $100m in a few days.
"The Saudis fear that there will be blowback from
like there was from
," said Alani. "They don't want chaos. They
want the Syrian military to take over. The whole region
wants that, including the Israelis. Everyone wants an
organised structure of army officers who will keep
weapons under control and make sure that they are handed
Now the Saudis are pushing the armed Syrian opposition to
form a "salvation front" with unified command
and control on the ground and, crucially, an ability to
collect weapons once fighting has ended – a lesson
learned the hard way from
. The Saudis are backing brigadier-general Manaf Tlass,
the most senior defector yet from the military – from
a key Sunni family – as part of a drive to win over
other figures from the Syrian army and security
establishment. "It's no good calling for them to be
held accountable for crimes," warned Alani.
"They need to be told they will get support."
Next week the Qataris are hosting a conference to try to
unite a host of squabbling opposition groups.
But there is little optimism about prospects for any
immediate improvement. "It's all a bit of a
mess," said analyst Shadi Hamid of the Brookings
. "Everyone is waiting for someone else to do a
better job. It can't be the Saudis or the Qataris or the
Turks. It's got to be the Americans. If we are looking
at Gulf support it's certainly been a big story, but
that's not the reality. There's a big gap between what
people think the Gulf countries have been doing and what
they are actually doing. Not that many weapons have been
5) The joint UN-Arab League envoy to
, Lakhdar Brahimi, has arrived in
, on the first stop of his second regional tour, AFP
reports. His spokesman said Brahimi will hold
wide-ranging talks on the crisis in
. He is expected to visit
as part of the tour.
وصول الأخضر الإبراهيمي
الى جدة ، وقال المتحدث الرسمي
بأسمه : سيتم عقد محادثات واسعة
النطاق بشأن الأزمة في سوريا
Britain has sent military personnel to Jordan, according to the Times
after it confirmed it had sent troops to the
Jordan-Syrian border to as part of a taskforce aimed at
stopping the Syrian conflict spreading south. A foreign
office spokesman told the Times: "We are working
with international partners and countries neighbouring
to improve border controls to reduce the risk of weapons
proliferating to third parties. We have made clear to
Assad, directly and through other parties, that any use
or proliferation of CBW [chemical and biological
weapons] would be completely unacceptable
ارسال بريطانيا قوات عسكرية الى
الأردن للانضمام إلى الفريق
لمنع انتشار العنف جنوبا من
سوريا وقال المتحدث باسم وزارة
الخارجية : نحن نعمل مع الشركاء
الدوليين والبلدان المجاورة
للحد من خطر انتشار الاسلحة وان
انتشار الأسلحة الكميائية
والبيولوجية غير مقبول تماما
Turkey releases Syrian plane but seizes
suspected military cargo
تركيا تطلق الطائرة السورية
وتستولي على شحن عسكرية مشتبه
Russian fury at Turks for intercepting
jet on the way to Syria
غضب روسيا من تركيا لإعتراض طائرة في
طريقها الى سوريا (رحلة الطائرة
كانت من موسكو الى دمشق ) ووجدوا
فيها معدات عسكرية
today demanded an urgent explanation from Turkish
detained a Syrian civilian aircraft en route from
The Russian Foreign Ministry complained that Turkish
authorities refused to grant Russian diplomatic staff
access to 17 Russians aboard during the eight hours that
the flight was held up because of suspicions the
aircraft was carrying military equipment
Turkey Forces Syrian Jet to Land, Deepening Rift
القوات التركية توقف طائرة
سورية قادمة من موسكو .. وتعميق
الخلاف بين موسكو وتركيا
accuses Turkey of ‘air piracy’ after plane incident
سوريا تتهم تركيا
بالقرصنة الجوية بعد حادث
3) the wallstreet journal
Conflict Grows on Two Fronts
نمو الصراع في سوريا بين
forces plane bound for Syria from Moscow to land
تركيا تجبر طائرة متجهة إلى سوريا من
موسكو على الهبوط
Turkish F-16 fighter jets intercepted a passenger plane
and forced it to land at an
airport Wednesday, Turkish
state television reported.
Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told the official
Anadolu news agency that the Syrian plane had been
forced to land at Esenboga airport after reports that it
was carrying cargo "not suitable according to rules
of civil aviation." Davutoglu said Prime Minister
Recep Tayyip Erdogan had been briefed about the Syrian
is a key ally of Syrian President Bashar Assad's government, and Turkish
news reports said that the plane was suspected to be
carrying weapons. Reached by telephone Wednesday, the
Foreign Ministry said it had no additional information
to immediately share about the incident.
deadly attack, few in Turkish town expect war with
على الرغم من
الهجوم المميت والعدد القليل م
في المدينة التركية .. الا انها
تتوقع حرب مع سوريا
AKCAKALE, Turkey — The mortar rounds coming from just across the border
in Syria troubled Omar Timucin sufficiently that he
advised his family to stay indoors for their own safety.
Not long after, a projectile
scored a direct hit on his home in this usually quiet
Turkish border town, killing his wife, three of his
daughters and his sister-in-law.
"They were preparing
dinner," a shattered Timucin said Wednesday in a
mourning tent on the outskirts of Akcakale.
The attack that took away
his family a week ago, and which Turkish officials
called a Syrian military shelling, sparked a spate of
retaliatory Turkish artillery volleys into
as relations between the two neighboring states seemed
to teeter on the edge of outright war.
Turkish fighter jets roar
overhead and media reports are filled with images of
missile batteries, artillery units and troops converging
on the border. Still, few people here seem to expect
war. Many say
was forced to respond after weeks of errant shells from
the government of Syrian President Bashar Assad.
The broader challenge facing
the country now is how to handle the chaos that has
inevitably spilled across the border from
, which is in the midst of a 19-month conflict between
forces loyal to Assad and opposition fighters.
's toolbox is limited right now," said Soner
Cagaptay with the Washington Institute for Near East
cannot live with Assad. But at the same time it cannot
afford to launch a full-blown war campaign against him,
especially not one without
and other North
Atlantic Treaty Organization allies have
shown little inclination to become directly embroiled in
a muddled and bloody struggle that has drawn freelance
Islamic militants and Al Qaeda affiliates to the
fragmented anti-Assad alliance. The Syrian conflict is
already evoking comparisons by some to the punishing,
sectarian-driven Lebanese civil war, which lasted 15
The volatile issue took on
another dimension Wednesday, when Turkish F-16 fighter
jets forced a Syrian passenger aircraft headed from
to land in Ankara,
's capital, amid reported suspicions that it was
ferrying military equipment. Officials seized
communications gear from the Syrian airliner and then
allowed it to continue to the Syrian capital, with its
37 passengers and crew, according to press accounts.
Early on in the Syrian
crisis, the government of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan adopted a forceful stance
against Assad and called on the Syrian leader to step
down. Turkish territory became the main resupply base
for Syrian rebels, and the more than 500-mile border
became an opposition logistics corridor.
But expectations that Assad
would follow in the footsteps of other strongmen who
succumbed expeditiously to the "Arab Spring" whirlwind proved illusory.
Meantime, multitudes of
refugees continue to stream across the border, taxing
's ability to care for them.
, critics accuse Erdogan of taking the nation down a
path of conflict. That would be a far cry from the
"zero problems with neighbors" policy that
once viewed as its signature stance. The prime minister
denies acting recklessly.
"We do not seek
war," Erdogan declared last week, "but we are
not far from it."
Among other things, war
would not be good for business.
's stunning economic expansion in recent years is
closely linked to its political and social stability.
"If Turkey was seen as
a country in a full-scale war, regardless of who started
the war … the image on which it has built its economic
growth — a stable country in this vastly unstable
region — would erode overnight," Cagaptay said.
Many analysts view
as hesitant to take any dramatic steps — such as
moving to create an opposition-friendly "buffer
zone" inside Syrian territory — without backing
from other nations.
But a buffer zone would
amount to a de facto seizure of Syrian territory and
would require a military intervention to keep Syrian
land and air forces out. The
has signaled it is not ready to provide the needed
The Turkish armed forces
chief of staff, Gen. Necdet Ozel, visited this border
region Wednesday and vowed that
would respond "more strongly" to any future
Not far away, along a
stretch of corn and cotton fields north of town, Timucin
and his remaining family received visitors at the
mourning tent to remember his late wife, Zalekha; three
daughters, Zainab, 8, Aisha, 11, and Fatima, 14; and his
sister-in-law, Kusum. Three other daughters were injured
in the shelling and remained hospitalized.
The only child in the family
who was not injured was Timucin's son, Ibrahim, 16, who
was with his father at the family's auto parts shop when
the shell hit. On Wednesday, the boy became teary-eyed
when he tried to speak.
His father expressed the
sentiment of many townsfolk who are of Arab ancestry and
have relatives across the border. There may be anger at
's leaders, but no animus directed at the Syrian people.
"Syrians are our
brothers: There will be no war," said the grieving
husband and father. "War is not a solution."
The state news agency reported that Turkish authorities
were searching the cargo area of the plane late
Wednesday as television aired images of a airplane on
the darkened runway.
Bilal Eksi, director general of the Turkish Civil Aviation
Department, told Anadolu that the Syrian plane had 37
people on board, including crew members.
has traded fire with neighboring
in recent days, infuriated by attacks on Turkish soil
that killed villagers in border towns. Its top military
commander warned earlier Wednesday that
would respond forcefully to any further shelling of its
has sent troops to Jordan-Syria border, Panetta says
يقول بانيتا : الولايات المتحدة
ارسلت قوات عسكرية للحدود
The United States has sent troops to Jordan
to help improve its military capabilities in case the
fighting in Syria spills onto its soil, Defense
Secretary Leon Panetta told reporters Wednesday in
Panetta made the remarks at a NATO meeting
of defense ministers. The revelation comes at a time of
growing fears that the chaos and bloodshed in
for more than a year and a half could spread beyond the
country across the
has retaliated against
after repeated attacks on its territory, including
shelling last week that killed five people. Though
has said it does not want war, the two countries have
continued to trade fire this week.
, the enduring conflict has ramped up fears over the
fate of Syrian chemical weapons and pushed more than
100,000 refugees into the country as winter approaches.
Defense spokesman Lt. Col. Jack Miller said
in an email that the exact number of troops was “an
issue we don’t want to get into,” but that the U.S.
had been working closely with Jordan “on a variety of
issues related to Syria for some time now,” including
The number of refugees who have left
is expected to swell to 250,000 by the end of the year,
according to the United Nations. The
has provided medical kits, water tanks and other
humanitarian aid to help
care for refugees, Miller wrote.
The allies are also eyeing the security of
chemical and biological weapons stockpiled by
, a threat that President Obama has warned could change
the tack toward the continuing conflict. If the Syrian
government unleashes those weapons, Obama said, that
would be a "red line" triggering
The Wednesday statement comes as the Obama administration has been under
fire from Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney,
who charged Monday that Obama had done too little to
bolster the cause of rebels opposed to Syrian President
The New York Times reported
on the operation
Tuesday, citing American officials familiar with the
operation who said the force consisted of more than 150
planners and other specialists and was based north of
. An unnamed senior
defense official cited the same number to the Agence
In a statement that appeared to anticipate
questions about why the operation was revealed now,
Miller wrote that the Department of Defense’s
willingness to publicly discuss any deployment was based
on agreements between those deployed and the host
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